Recommendations should be from persons who have been directly responsible for assessing your professional performance. At least one, and preferably both, of the recommendations should come from an employer or supervisor.

  • Recommendations from former professors are not as helpful to the admissions committee since they cannot evaluate your performance in a professional setting. Of course, there are exceptions, but a recommendation from a current or former employer usually provides more helpful information.
  • There are situations in which applicants do not wish to inform current supervisors that they are applying to business school. In this case, a former manager, client, or supervisor from an extracurricular organization may provide a recommendation.
  • It is important that recommendations provide details and/or examples to support opinions about an applicant. For example, noting that "Julie is a great team player" does not provide as much insight as providing concrete examples of how well Julie performed on a team when faced with certain responsibilities and challenges. Recommendations that state strong feelings, either positive or negative, without examples are not helpful.